# Everything’s Normal here! Intro to Statistics

Repetition, Probability and Statistics: The Importance of Making Multiple Measurements

This week students learned about statistics (the science of making sense of lots of numbers).   We tried to use normal distributions to draw conclusions from data.  A normal curve, also called a bell curve, is a distribution of data seen many places in nature. Scientists use normal curves to analyze data, and teachers may use a bell curve to determine what grade to give a student.  The students had a lesson illustrating the importance of making multiple measurements when you’re doing a science experiment — such as a science fair project!

Students enjoyed trying to figure out, on our miniature “Plinko board”, which of three holes in the top of the board all the balls were dropped through, while the top of the board was covered.  Using the game board, they collected data that shows the more data you collect the closer to normal the curve becomes. If a phenomenon we are observing matches the bell curve, it lets us make certain predictions about future measurements.

Students then used coin-flipping to add normally distributed “errors” to an assigned “true value”.  They then exchanged these simulated “measurements” with another group, and attempted to determine each others’ “true value” by making a histogram of the “measurements” and assuming they were normally distributed.  It was interesting to notice the variability in all the different sets of “measurements” — some were much easier to interpret than others!   Sometimes 10-20 measurements aren’t enough to get a clear answer!

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## Dr. Catherine Sukow

Dr. Sukow's interest in science education began when she was a teenager, with an extended visit to San Francisco's Exploratorium. In college, she had summer jobs in a similar, smaller, museum. She focused her Master's research at NCSU on the structure of metal silicides on silicon, and her Ph. D. work at Brandeis on the structure of crossbridged actin bundles. While volunteering in her childrens' schools, she was reminded how much fun it is to teach science, and is happy to be teaching now with Science from Scientists. In her spare time, she also enjoys yoga, choral and solo singing, and attempting a variety of international cuisines.

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