Plants – Structures and Functions

Today in class students learned about the science behind their food. Students observed burrs or thistles and examined fresh edible plants with the intent to identify different plant structures and their functions. Students examined a variety of common plants, which may have included: roots (carrots), stems (celery), leaves (spinach), and flowers (apple, cucumber, or pepper).

Did you know that fruits begin their development as the flowers of the plant? Students may have also observed a common flower, identifying its reproductive structures.

Look around your own kitchen and see if you can identify which plant parts these foods would come from: sweet potato, corn, garlic, raspberry, asparagus and rhubarb.

To extend this lesson, check out The Great Plant Escape game and unlock the mysteries of plant life! Find the interactive game and many activities here: http://extension.illinois.edu/gpe/case1/index.html

Estructura y Función de las Plantas

En la clase de hoy jugamos con nuestra comida. Examinamos vegetales frescos, que comemos habitualmente e intentamos determinar a qué parte de la planta correspondían. Analizamos las raíces de una planta (zanahorias), los tallos (apio), las hojas (lechuga, espinaca) y las frutas (manzanas, pimientos). ¿Sabías que las frutas iniciaron su desarrollo como las flores de una planta? También examinamos flores, e intentamos identificar sus partes.

Mira alrededor de tu cocina y ve si puedes identificar a qué parte de la planta corresponden los siguientes vegetales: batatas, maíz, ajo, frambuesas, espárragos y ruibarbo.

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Students dissected flowers in this lesson to learn more about the parts of plants and how they are pollinated.

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